YCQM - Karen Marshall - June 17, 2012 - WCAX.COM Local Vermont News, Weather and Sports-

YCQM - Karen Marshall - June 17, 2012

June 17, 2012 -- Karen Marshall of Connect Vermont joins Kristin Carlson and Jennifer Reading to discuss establishing wireless service for all of Vermont.

TRANSCRIPT:

>> GOOD MORNING. TODAY ON "YOU CAN QUOTE ME", WE'RE TALKING ABOUT BROADBAND.

>> THE GOVERNOR HAS SET A GOAL OF COMPLETE BROADBAND ACCESS BY THE END OF NEXT YEAR. KAREN MARSHALL IS HERE TO TELL US ABOUT IT. A WEEK AND A HALF AGO, THE GOVERNOR CELEBRATED THAT PLAINFIELD IS CONNECTED. WE HAVE THIS REPORT.

>> Reporter: THE VAST VISTAS AND ROLLING HILLS OF THE GREEN MOUNTAINS ARE CONSIDERED BY MANY ONE OF VERMONT'S GREATEST ASSETS, BUT THEY'RE ALSO THE STATE'S GREATEST OBSTACLE.

>> WE'RE BEHIND BOSNIA, CROATIA, AND VIETNAM, AND MOST OF THE 49 STATES.

>> Reporter: HE IS TALKING ABOUT A CONNECTIST DEFICIT.

>> WE'RE -- ABOUT A CONNECTIVITY DEFICIT.

>> WE'RE ON!

>> DECEMBER 31, 2013.

>> Reporter: A NEW TOWER IN PLAIN FIELD CONNECTS BROADBAND CUSTOMERS. THE PLAINFIELD PROJECT ALONE COST $500,000, INCLUDING A FEDERAL GRANT TO THE VERMONT TELECOMMUNICATIONS AUTHORITY. BY THE END OF 2013, SHUMLIN SAYS THE PRICE TAG WILL BE UPWARDS OF $410 MILLION. THE PRICE HAS BEEN A HURDLE. THIS IS THE FURTHEST POINT OF BROADBAND SERVICE THAT'S DELIVERED FROM FROM THIS NEW TOWER.

>> SO RURAL VERMONT IS IN JEOPARDY. THE MOST ISOLATED PLACES ARE LOSING ENTREPRENEURIAL ENERGY.

>> Reporter: CONNECTIVITY WAS PRESENTED BY THE DOUGLAS ADMINISTRATION, THAT IT WOULD BE DELIVERED BY 2010. CURRENTLY 20,000 VERMONTERS REMAIN UNSERVED STATEWIDE.

>> IF YOU'RE THAT LAST GUY AT THE END OF THE DIRT ROAD AND WONDER HOW YOU CAN WORK FROM HOME, THERE IS A LOT OF FRUSTRATION.

>> Reporter: COSTELLO SAYS IT'S THE SAME FRUSTRATION VERMONT FACED IN 1930s WHEN COMPANIES WERE RELUCTANT TO PROVIDE ELECTRICITY TO RURAL VERMONT.

>> WE'RE COMING FROM A PLACE OF STRENGTH, AND WE'VE GOT TO TAKE IT TO THE NEXT LEVEL.

>> Reporter: HOPING TO CLOSE THE DIGITAL DIVIDE THAT LIVES IN THE PEAKS AND VALLEYS OF RURAL VERMONT.

>> GOVERNOR SHUMLIN WAS CLEAR, HE SAID WE CAN AND WILL DO IT, BROADBAND END OF 2013. LET'S START WITH DEFINITION. WHAT DOES THE GOVERNOR MEAN WHEN HE SAYS EVERYONE WILL HAVE BRANDBAND?

>> Reporter: BY DEFINITION, BROADBAND IS ACCESS TO THE INTERNET AT A CERTAIN LEVEL OF SPEED, AND, IN TERMS OF OUR GOALS, WE SAID WE'VE GOT A 1.0 GOAL FOR THE STATE, AND THAT IS THAT EVERY E-911 LOCATION, HOW MANY ROOFTOPS WE'RE HITTING, HAS AT LEAST ONE FIXED OR MOBILE BROADBAND SERVICE AT A CERTAIN NUMBER OF BITS PER SECOND.

>> WHAT DOES THAT MEAN? WHAT'S THE GRADE OF INTERNET SERVICE?

>> Reporter: THESE KILOBITS PER SECOND IS WHAT MOST OF US KNOW AS DSL SPEED. IN OUR WORLD, WHAT WE'RE DOING ESSENTIALLY IS WE'RE MOVING A LOT OF PEOPLE FROM DIALUP TO AT LEAST DSL, AND WE USE THAT AS A THRESHOLD POINT FOR A COUPLE OF REASONS. NO. 1, IT'S THE CENTRAL DEFINITION OF BROADBAND, THE MINIMUM THRESHOLD. WHEN WE BUILD, HOWEVER, WE DON'T BUILD JUST DSL, WE DON'T BUILD JUST 768-200. WE BUILD WITH THE MAXIMUM SPEED THAT WE HAVE AVAILABLE IN TECHNOLOGY. FOR EXAMPLE, WHEN FAIR POINT COMPLETED ITS 71 MILLION DOLLAR BUILDOUT TO 51 EXCHANGES, ITS MINIMUM THRESHOLD WAS WE'VE GOT TO HIT AT LEAST THAT DSL SPEED THAT PEOPLE HAVE TO UTILIZE TO EMAIL, TO BROWSE THE INTERNET, TO SURF, TO DO COMMERCE, BUT WE FOUND MANY PLANS WILL RANGE TO UPWARDS OF 15 MEGA-BITS PER SECOND DOWN, 1 MEGA-BIT PER SECOND UP. SO SPEED AND -- WHEN WE THINK OF IT, IF WE WANT TO THINK WHAT DOES THAT MEAN TO THE REAL PERSON OUT THERE, DSL, EMAIL, BROWSE THE INTERNET, DO COMMERCE, YOU KNOW, UP TO 3 MEGA-BITS PER SECOND, YOU'RE, FOR INSTANCE, INTO VIDEO, CAN YOU DOWNLOAD A MOVIE. THAT'S A LOT OF FOLKS' THRESHOLD, CAN I DOWNLOAD AND WATCH THAT MOVIE IN THE COMFORT OF MY OWN HOME.

>> AND BY THE END OF 2013, EVERYONE WILL BE ABLE TO?

>> I BELIEVE SO. SPEED WISE, CONNECTION-WISE, ABSOLUTELY. WE'RE GOING TO GET THERE. I WILL SAY THERE ARE CHALLENGES TO GETTING THERE. BUT THE GOOD NEWS IS THE IMPORTANT PART IS DO YOU HAVE MONEY AND DO YOU HAVE A PLAN, AND WE HAVE BOTH AT THIS POINT. CURRENTLY THERE ARE A DOZEN PROJECTS IN PROCESS, ALREADY KIND OF IN THE PIPELINE AT WORK, BEING BUILT ACROSS OUR LANDSCAPE, AND WE'RE WORKING ON REALLY DEFINING THE PROJECTS FOR THE LAST 3,000 OR SO LOCATIONS THAT WE CALL, KIND OF, UNSERVED LOCATIONS IN TARGET COMMUNITY.

>> AND GOVERNOR DOUGLAS GETTING THERE WITH THE CELL PHONE AND SAYING BY 2010, THIS IS GOING TO HAPPEN, AND HIS ADMINISTRATION COULDN'T GET IT DONE. WHAT'S DIFFERENT THIS TIME?

>> WHAT'S DIFFERENT. BACK TO A PLAN AND MONEY. HAVING -- OUR TELECOMMUNICATIONS WORLD -- THINK OF IT AS A LARGE ECO SYSTEM. THERE ARE LOTS OF DIFFERENT COMPANIES AND PLAYERS WITHIN THAT ECO SYSTEM. WE HAVE TRADITIONAL TELEPHONE COMPANIES, FAIR POINT, FRANKLIN TELEPHONE, Z-TEL, WE HAVE CABLE COMPANIES, COMCAST, DUNCAN CABLE, CHARTER, WE HAVE MOBILE WIRELESS COMPANIES, AT&T, VERIZON, U.S. CELLULAR, SPRINT -- EVERYBODY IS IN THAT ECOSYSTEM, IF YOU WILL, AND EVERYBODY HAS NETWORK, AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I HOPE I CAN HELP OUR VIEWERS UNDERSTAND TODAY IS THAT NETWORK KIND OF WORKS TOGETHER. THERE ARE PARTS AND PIECES THAT DIFFERENT COMPANIES SHARE AND THAT THEY USE. WHAT'S DIFFERENT IS, NO. 1, I THINK THE FOCUS OF THE GOVERNOR, AND CERTAINLY HIS OWN PERSONAL COMMITMENT TO THIS. THIS IS, YOU KNOW, ONE OF THE TOP THREE PRIORITIES OF THIS ADMINISTRATION, IS TO HAVE BROADBAND BUILDUP. MONEY. THE VERMONT TELECOMMUNICATIONS AUTHORITY, UP 'TIL NOW, HAS BEEN APPROPRIATED SOMEWHERE IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD OF ABOUT 19 MILLION DOLLARS OVER ITS ENTIRE KPIFLTANCE. THE LAST APPROPRIATION -- ENTIRE EXISTENCE. THE LAST APPROPRIATION WAS $10 MILLION. AND WHAT WE HAVE TODAY, HOW FORTUNATE WE ARE TO HAVE THIS, IS WE HAVE UPWARDS OF $400 MILLION WORTH OF FUNDED PROJECTS BASICALLY AT WORK.

>> FROM THE RECOVERY.

>> YUP. ERA AND THE BROADBAND INITIATIVE UNDER ERA WAS EXTREMELY SIGNIFICANT, AND VERMONT, ON A PER CAPITA BASIS PROBABLY DID BETTER THAN ANY OTHER THE CITY IN THE COUNTRY. ON JUST THE STRAIGHT BROADBAND SIDE, BUILDING FIBER AND WIRELESS PROJECTS, WE HAVE UPWARDS OF 232 MILLION DOLLARS IN THAT BUCKET, WE HAVE A VERY SIGNIFICANT COMMITMENT FROM ISO NEW ENGLAND TO VELCO, AND PEOPLE ASK WHY THAT MATTERS. VELCO IS OUR TRANSMISSION UTILITY. THAT IS A FIBER BUILD. IT'S A FIBER BUILD THAT OUR TELCO PROVIDERS CAN SHARE PART IN AND HELPS THE ENTIRE ECO SYSTEM, AS IT WERE. AND IN ADDITION TO THAT, WE HAVE SMART GOOD FUNDS KIND OF ROLLING OUT. IN TOTAL, YOU KNOW, WHEN YOU THINK REALLY, WE HAD PLACED ABOUT $10 MILLION TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM, AND BY ORDER OF MAGNITUDE, YOU KNOW, IT'S AT LEAST PROBABLY A $300 MILLION PROBLEM TO SOLVE. SO --

>> THE INFUSION OF FEDERAL CASH HAS HELPED SPEED THIS ALONG.

>> SURE.

>> WHEN THE GOVERNOR WAS TALKING, GOVERNOR DOUGLAS, HE WAS TALKING ABOUT INTERNET AND CELL PHONE. WHEN THIS ADMINISTRATION SAYS BROADBAND, DOES THAT INCLUDE CELL PHONE? BECAUSE AS MANY VERMONTERS KNOW, THERE ARE MANY POCKETS OF THE STATE WITHOUT CELL PHONE COVERAGE.

>> LET'S TALK ABOUT THE BEST WAY TO DIVVY THIS UP IS TO TALK ABOUT FIXED VERSUS MOBILE CONNECTIONS. A FIXED CONNECTION IS SOMETHING THAT BASICALLY COMES INTO YOUR LOCATION, WHETHER IT'S YOUR HOME, YOUR OFFICE, YOUR BUSINESS, WHATEVER IT HAPPENS TO BE, AND A FIXED ARCHITECTURE, IF YOU WILL, CAN BE A COPPER WIRE, IT CAN BE A COAXIAL CABLE FROM YOUR CABLE COMPANY, IT CAN BE DSL, IT CAN BE A FIBER CONNECTION, IT COULD ALSO BE A WIRELESS CONNECTION, AND BY WAY OF EXAMPLE, WHAT WE SAW IN THE PLAINFIELD TOWER AND TURNING IT ON WAS FIXED WIRELESS, SO YOUR BROADBAND IS COMING TO YOU AND DELIVERED TO YOU OVER THE AIRWAVES, BUT POINT TO POINT, FIXED. WE HAVE THAT, AND WE ALSO HAVE MOBILE SOURCES OF BROADBAND. ANYBODY WHO HAS A SMARTPHONE TODAY, A SMARTPHONE IS ESSENTIALLY A HANDHELD COMPUTER THAT YOU WALK AROUND WITH, AND HOW MANY OF US USE OUR SMARTPHONES TO CONNECT TO THE INTERNET. ESSENTIALLY, WE'RE USING THAT BROADCAST SPECTRUM WIRELESSLY TO CONNECT TO THE INTERNET. SO THERE, TOO, WE HAVE BROADBAND CONNECTIONS ON OUR CELL PHONES AND BROADBAND CONNECTIONS THAT ARE FIXED.

>> SO AT THE END OF 2013, WILL I BE ABLE TO PICK UP MY PHONE AND MAKE A CALL FROM EVERYWHERE IN THE STATE? THAT'S MY QUESTION.

>> LET'S MOVE TO THE CELLULAR MISSION.

>> WHEN YOU SAY BROADBAND, CAN I PICK UP MY KNOWN ANY COMMUNITY IN VERMONT AND USE IT?

>> THERE ARE TWO PIECES TO THE MISSION, UNIVERSAL BROADBAND, FIXED OR THROUGH YOUR CELL PHONE, AND THE OTHER SIDE OF THE MISSION IS VASTLY IMPROVE CELL SERVICE.

>> TO BROADBAND DOESN'T NECESSARILY MEAN CELL PHONE SERVICE; BROADBAND MEANS ACCESSING INTERNET THROUGH YOUR CELL PHONE.

>> YES.

>> THIS IS A DIFFERENCE FROM THE PREVIOUS ADMINISTRATION: WHEN THE GOVERNOR SAYS EVERYONE WILL HAVE BROADBAND ACCESS, THAT DOESN'T MEAN YOU'LL BE ABLE TO USE YOUR CELL PHONE TO MAKE A CALL FROM EVERY CORNER OF THE STATE BY THE END OF 2013.

>> CORRECT. IT'S A KIND OF MIXING OF GOALS IN A WAY. BROADBAND IS CONNECTION TO THE INTERNET. IT COULD HAPPEN EITHER THROUGH WIRES, IT COULD HAPPEN WIRELESSLY, IT COULD HAPPEN OVER YOUR CELL PHONE. THE SOME OF US MAY TAKE OUR CELL PHONES TODAY, FOR EXAMPLE, AND TURN ON MY PERSONAL HOT SPOT, AND BASICALLY TAKE DOWN THAT DATA CONNECTION AND SAY I WANT TO USE IT IN MY HOME. THAT COULD BE A BROADBAND CONNECTION. CELLULAR -- DIFFERENT PART OF THE MISSION. AND IN CELLULAR, LET ME TALK ABOUT WHAT THE CELLULAR MISSION IS. CELLULAR -- WE HAVE GOTTEN VERY REALISTIC ABOUT OUR CELLULAR MISSION. THE NOTION THAT EVERY SINGLE NOOK AND CRANNY OF OUR LANDSCAPE CAN BE COVERED BY MOBILE SERVICE IS POTENTIALLY -- ANY STATE WILL TELL YOU -- POTENTIALLY NOT ACHIEVABLE. WE LIVE IN A WONDERFUL PLACE, WE HAVE NOOKS AND CRANNIES AND WINDY ROADS AND HIGH MOUNTAINS AND ROCKS AND TREES,. TOPOGRAPHY-WISE, IT IS ONE OF THE WORST PLACES TO TRY TO BUILD OUT MOBILE SERVICE, IF YOU WILL, BY VIRTUE OF THE LANDSCAPE. WHAT WE HAVE DONE, WORKING WITH THE VERMONT TELECOMMUNICATIONS AUTHORITY, IS TO REALLY SCOPE OUR FIRST MAJOR STEPS AROUND CELLULAR AND WHAT WE ARE WORKING TOWARDS IS VASTLY EXPANDED CELLULAR SERVICE BY THE END OF 2013 AND INTO 2014. WHAT DOES THAT MEAN? WE DEFINED A SET OF 100 TARGET CORRIDORS AND DROP ZONES AND SAID, YOU KNOW WHAT? THAT'S THE FIRST PLACE WE NEED TO GO TO IMPROVE OUR CELLULAR SERVICE.

>> ALL RIGHT, WE'RE GOING TO

>> WELCOME BACK. WE ARE FOCUSING ON BROADBAND AND GOVERNOR PETER SHUMLIN'S PROMISE TO HAVE COMPLETE BROADBAND COVERAGE BY THE END OF THIS YEAR. KAREN MARSHALL IS TASKED WITH ACCOMPLISHING THAT. THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE.

>> THANK YOU.

>> 90% OF VERMONT IS WIRED FOR ACCESS. WHAT DOES THAT MEAN, AND IS THAT GETTING TO THE UNDERSERVED?

>> AT THIS POINT 92.8, AS REPORTED BY OUR PROVIDERS, 92.8% OF E-911 LOCATIONS THROUGHOUT THE STATE HAVE ACCESS TO AT LEAST ONE SOURCE OF BROADBAND, EITHER FIXED OR MOBILE, SO THAT MEANS WE'VE GOT ROUGHLY ABOUT 3,000 LOCATIONS THAT WE'VE GOT TO DEAL WITH AT THIS POINT.

>> 3,000 LOCATIONS TRANSLATES TO HOW MANY PEOPLE?

>> HARD TO SAY. YOU KNOW, IS THAT AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIDE -- I'M NOT SURE. WE COULD PROBABLY RUN THE MATH ON THAT.

>> ARE WE TALKING ABOUT HUNDREDS OR THOUSANDS?

>> WE'RE TALKING ABOUT THOUSANDS. TODAY AS WE LOOK ACROSS THE STATE, THERE ARE, FOLKS WILL SAY I DON'T HAVE ANY BR BROADBAND. THERE ARE 21,000 LOCATIONS RIGHT NOW TODAY THAT ARE UNSERVED, AND OUT OF THOSE 21,000, 18,000 FALL INTO A BUCKET THAT WE WOULD CALL PROJECTS IN PROCESS. A PROJECT IS COMING THEIR WAY, THE CAVALRY'S COMING, IT'S BEING BUILT, AND WE KNOW WHAT THAT PROJECT IS AND WHERE THEY'RE GOING TO GO. WE HAVE ANOTHER 3,000 OR SO LOCATIONS THAT ARE UNSERVED LOCATIONS IN TARGET COMMUNITIES. THERE ARE 40 TARGET COMMUNITIES AND WHERE THOSE ARE RIGHT NOW IS WE HAVE 10.2 MILLION DOLLARS ESSENTIALLY THAT WE'RE WORKING WITH, 6.6 MILLION OF IT IS IN A COMMITMENT THAT CAME BASICALLY TO FAIR POINT THROUGH AN AGREEMENT WITH THE PUBLIC SERVICE BOARD TO GO IN AND SELECT TARGET COMMUNITIES FOR ADDITIONAL BROADBAND BUILDUP, AND ANOTHER 3.6 MILLION IS UNDER A REQUEST FOR PROPOSAL PROCESS RIGHT NOW AT THE VERMONT TELECOMMUNICATIONS AUTHORITY. SO THE GOAL HERE IS THAT BY ABOUT THE END OF JULY OF THIS YEAR, WE WILL HAVE IDENTIFIED ALL OF THE PROJECTS THAT ARE GOING TO SERVE THE UNSERVED, HAVE EVERYTHING KIND OF INTO THE PIPELINE, AND ALL OF OUR BUILD GOING AS WE GET INTO THE END OF THIS YEAR FOR COMPLETION BY THE END OF 2013.

>> YOU MENTION PROJECTS. WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO GET BROADBAND TO THESE UNSERVED COMMUNITIES? ARE WE TALKING ABOUT TOWERS, ARE WE TALKING ABOUT FIBER UNDERGROUND, WHAT DOES IT TAKE?

>> WHAT DOES IT TAKE. PROJECTS COME IN VARIOUS DIFFERENT FLAVORS AND FORMS. SO ONE OF THE LARGEST-SCALE PROJECTS THAT WILL IMPACT THE MOST VERMONTERS IS SOMETHING CALLED THE WIRELESS OPEN WORLD. IT'S A PROJECT THAT'S BEING BUILT WITH ERA FUNDS, THE COMPANY THAT'S BUILDING IS VTEL OUT OF SPRINGFIELD, AND IT IS A WIRELESS, PROJECT SIMILAR TO WHAT WE SAW IN PLAINFIELD. AND IN TERMS OF WHERE WE WILL PUT THOSE ANTENNAS AND RADIOS THAT ARE GOING TO RECEIVE AIRWAVES AND SEND THEM DOWN TO LOCATIONS AND DELIVER BROADBAND, THEY MAY BE ON EXISTING TOWERS, THEY MAY BE IN SILOS, THEY MAY BE IN KUCKLOS, THAT'S ONE VERY LARGE-SCALE PROJECT. I WILL SHARE THIS WITH YOU: IT IS THE LARGEST, BY SCALE AND FUNDING, WIRELESS PROJECT THAT THE RURAL UTILITY SERVICE FUNDED UNDER ERA. IT WILL COVER PRETTY MUCH THE ENTIRE STATE. THE OTHER MODALITIES: WE HAVE FAIR POINT, FOR EXAMPLE. WHEN THEY GO AND IMPROVE THEIR NETWORKS AND INCREASE THEIR SPEEDS, ESSENTIALLY THEY'RE PUTTING MORE FIBER IN, AND IN FIBER, MOST FIBER IS BASICALLY PUT UP ON TELEPHONE POLES. THAT'S WHAT THE CONSTRUCTION ACTUALLY LOOKS LIKE, WHEN YOU SEE CREWS OUT THERE WITH TRUCKS AND BIG SPOOLS AND LOTS OF ORANGE CONES AND STRINGING THINGS UP ON TELEPHONE POLES, THE MAJORITY OF THAT IS FIBER.

>> I CAN'T HELP BUT NOTICE YOU'VE USED FAIR POINT QUITE A FEW TIMES AS AN EXAMPLE, AND WE'RE HEARING FROM FOLKS AT EC FIBER, THEY HAVE CONCERNS ABOUT THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAIR POINT, THEY'RE WONDERING WHY DIDN'T VERMONT DIRECT FAIR POINT WHEN IT CAME TO PROVIDING DSL APPLICATIONS AND GRANT APPLICATIONS, WHY DID THE STATE ALLOW FAIR POINT TO USE ITS DISCRETION SO MUCH?

>> THERE WAS A PUBLIC DOCKET, AND THIS WORK TO RECAPTURE DOLLARS AND REPURPOSE THEM BEGAN IN MARCH OF 2011, AND WORKING BASICALLY WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SERVICE, PUBLIC SERVICE BOARD, EVENTUALLY CREATED A DOCKET AND SAID, YOU KNOW, HERE'S 6.6 MILLION DOLLARS. THE CONDITIONS OF THAT $6.6 MILLION WERE YOU HAVE TO CHOOSE FROM THE 40 TARGET COMMUNITIES THAT THE STATE GIVES TO YOU, SO, IN FACT, WE GAVE FAIR POINT THAT LIST OF 40 TARGET COMMUNITIES AND SAID HERE ARE OUR UNSERVED LOCATIONS, TELL US WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH THAT 6.6 MILLION DOLLARS.

>> WHY NOT SAY HERE'S WHAT WE WANT YOU TO DO?

>> WELL, WE ACTUALLY DID SAY THAT, IN A WAY. WE SAID PLEASE GO SOLVE THE PROBLEMS IN THESE 40 TARGET COMMUNITIES, SEE HOW FAR YOU CAN GO WITH THEM. THE QUESTION I THINK THAT WE'VE GOT WITH THE DOCKET, THE RECAPTURE OF PENALTY FUNDING AND PUTTING IT TO WORK ON THE LANDSCAPE AND THE REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS AT THE VTA AT THIS POINT IN TIME IS IT'S ABOUT SEQUENCEING, WE KNEW OF THIS PROJECT, OR BASICALLY WE KNEW OF THE $6.6 MILLION AS EARLY AS MARCH OF 2011. THE ACTUAL DECISION ON THE DOCKET CAME OUT IN FEBRUARY OF 2012. IN EC FIBER, FOR EXAMPLE, THEY DID NOT MAKE IT KNOWN THAT THEY HAD ACTUALLY RAISED THEIR BIG PHASE-THREE INVESTOR FUNDING WHEN THEY WENT OUT AND GOT INVESTORS T. WAS ABOUT APRIL OF THIS YEAR WHEN THEY SAID HOORAY, WE HAVE ENOUGH INVESTORS TO MAKE ANOTHER PART OF OUR PIECE OF THE PROJECT GO, AND THOSE CONTRACTS WERE DUE AT THE MIDAL OF MAY. WE'RE PUTTING IT ALL INTO THE MIX AND SAYING, OKAY, WHAT ARE THE BEST SOLUTIONS, HOW DO WE MAXIMIZE ALL OF THESE RESOURCES. ONE OF THE THINGS OF GREAT CONCERN TO US IN THIS WORK WAS WHEN WE WENT OUT FOR OUR TARGET COMMUNITY ROUND AND GRANTS, THERE WERE A SIGNIFICANT NUMBER OF TARGET COMMUNITIES THAT WE DIDN'T GET PROPOSALS FOR. WE HAVE UPWARDS OF ABOUT 350 LOCATIONS OR 10% THAT WE DIDN'T HAVE A PROPOSAL FOR YET. SO WE'VE GOT AREAS WHERE MULTIPLE PRO -- PROVIDERS WANTED TO GO, LOTS OF OVERLAP, IN THE CENTRAL ORANGE AREA, UPWARDS OF FOUR PROVIDERS THAT ALL WANTED TO GO THERE, YET WE HAVE THESE POTENTIALLY UNSERVED. THE VERMONT TELECOMMUNICATIONS AUTHORITY AND THE BOARD THERE BASICALLY HAS REOPENED THE BIDS AND SAID, OKAY, WE WANT MORE PROPOSALS, BASICALLY, AND LET'S TAKE IT AND TAKE A LOOK AT THE ENTIRE LANDSCAPE AND FIGURE OUT HOW WE CAN BEST USE ALL OF THESE RESOURCES.

>> AND WHOSE JOB WOULD IT BE TO GIVE YOU THOSE PROPOSE SNLZ.

>> THEY COME FROM TELECOMMUNICATIONS PROVIDERS, A RETAIL PROVIDER OF SERVICES.

>> YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT 10%, 350, EARLIER YOU SAID THERE'S 4,000 UNSERVED LOCATIONS; CORRECT?

>> 3,000 WITHIN OUR TARGET COMMUNITY GROUP. AND OF THOSE, WE STILL DON'T HAVE A PROPOSE FOLLOW SERVICE FOR ABOUT 10% OF THAT BUCKET.

>> AND I'M TRYING TO UNDERSTAND WHAT A TARGET LOCATION IS. AL OBVIOUSLY THERE'S NOT 3,000 TOWNS IN VERMONT. ARE WE TALKING ABOUT SECTIONS OF TOWN?

>> E-911 ADDRESSES, SO A BUILDING, A HOME, BASICALLY.

>> AGAIN, YOU KNOW, THIS UNDERSERVED -- I THINK THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE IT ARE HAPPY, THEY HAVE IT, THEY'RE VERY HAPPY, THEY'RE GETTING IT, BUT THIS 10% -- IS IT TOO EXPENSIVE TO GET TO THEM? WHY IS THIS NOT WORKING?

>> THE CORRECT TERM IS "UNSERVED" MEANING THEY DO NOT HAVE A BROADBAND CONNECTION, BUT EVERYBODY HAS A DIALUP CONNECTION.

>> BUT EVERYBODY KNOWS THAT'S NOT CUTTING IT.

>> RIGHT, FOR GAMING AND FILING COLLEGE APPLICATIONS AND ALL THESE GOOD THINGS THAT WE NEED TO DO. SO --

>> 10% UNSERVED.

>> 10% UNSERVED.

>> WILL THIS BE A RAPID OR WILL THIS BE RIGHT OUT TO THE END OF 201?

>> WE'RE GOING TO PUSH ALL OF THIS OUT TO THE END OF 2013. IT TAKES -- THIS IS ANOTHER KIND OF MYSTERY TO A LOT OF FOLKS. THEY'RE, LIKE, WELL, IF YOU FUND A PROJECT, WHY ISN'T IT BUILT? IT TAKES ABOUT 18 MONTHS FROM SELECTION OF THE LOCATION, ENGINEERING AND DESIGN, AND THEN, YOU KNOW, ORDERING BASICALLY, AND THEN ACTUALLY GEING OUT IN THE FIELD AND CONSTRUCTING A PROJECT. TO CONSTRUCT A PROJECT, LIKE A FIBER PROJECT, THERE ARE UPWARDS OF 20 POLES A MILE. TODAY WE'RE BUILDING UPWARDS OF 5300 MILES OF FIBER IN THE STATE OF VERMONT, SO JUST DO THE MATH ON THAT AND FIGURE OUT HOW MANY POLES WE'RE TOUCHING. EVERY SINGLE POLE IS DIFFERENT, THERE IS A DIFFERENT CONFIGURATION ON EVERY SINGLE ONE, SO TO GO OUT AND SURVEY THE POLES AND SAY WHAT'S UP THERE, WHO DO WE HAVE TO TAKE DOWN, WHO HAS TO MOVE, AND THEN IT'S A VERY COORDINATED OPERATION BETWEEN MULTIPLE COMPANIES TO SAY, OKAY, LET'S TAKE DOWN YOURS, WE CAN PUT UP OURS AND PUT YOURS BACK UP, AND THEN MOVE ON TO THE NEXT POLE, AND WE'RE DOING THAT ACROSS 5,300 MILES NOW.

>> I JUST WANT TO COME FULL CIRCUMSTANCE FRL WHERE WE STARTED. ALL THESE OBSTACLES, ALL THESE DEFINITIONS, SOME, YOU KNOW, CONCERN WITH WHO IS DOING WHAT AND HOW THE GRANTS WERE BEING AWARDED AND WHO IS GETTING THE BENEFIT HERE. EVERY VERMONTER WILL HAVE BROADBAND INTERNET BY THE END OF NEXT YEAR.

>> THAT'S WHERE WE'RE GOING. WE'RE GOING TO GET THERE. THAT IS THE JOB AND THAT IS THE TASK. SO -- I WILL SAY THAT HOW VERMONTERS CAN HELP US WWW.BROADBANDVT.ORG F. YOU'RE UNSERVED, WE'RE STILL TRYING TO CATCH A FEW PEOPLE WHO HAVE FALLEN THROUGH THE CRACKS. GIVE US YOUR ADDRESS.

>> THEY HAVE TO GO TO WORK TO DO THAT.

>> OR DO IT AT THE LIBRARY.

>> THANK YOU, KAREN MARSHALL FROM "CONNECT VERMONT". HAVE A GREAT DAY, EVERYBODY. CAPTIONING PROVIDED BY CAPTION ASSOCIATES, LLC

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