Before you start rototilling cover crops, planting beds and spreading fertilizer, it's smart to do a soil test, especially if you've never done one before. You can get home test kits from garden centers, or you can go up to UVM and you can get a kit through them. They'll mail you the results, too.
You'll need to do a separate soil test for different parts of your yard. For example, one for your vegetable garden, one for your blueberry patch, one for your lawn... because each one of those areas has different requirements.
You'll indicate what you're growing there on the form in the kit that you send in. It's also important to take 8-10 different samples from within the area. This is how.
Dig down about 4-6 inches deep into the soil. And then take a trowel or an auger, if you have one, and take a little sample and throw it in a bucket. Then move on to the next hole. So you'll have about 8-10 samples from around the site in there, and you mix those up and take a sample of the samples. Put that sample in a bag and off it goes. Hopefully in a few weeks time, you get your results and you know what to add and how much to make sure your soil is healthy.
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